De-Lurking on the Net

March 6, 2013

Was Partition a blessing in disguise – A travel from Akhand Bharat to Akhandit Hindu Samudaay

Amidst the gathering gloom about imploding Pakistan, I came across a positive news from Pakistan. It said Pakistan carried out drone attacks in Feb: US Officials . Well, isn’t it a surprise when many Pakistan political leaders were deriding US drone attacks for killing innocent civilians along with terrorists and wanted it to be stopped, that establishment in Pakistan realised that with US departure, now Pak army has to do what US was doing all along. Well, other news emerging from that country seem all depressing. A third major attack within last 2 month on Shia community and the news that part of the Pakistan state is now controlled by outside fighters not just in FATA etc but within its biggest city Karachi itself is hugely depressing. The Shia community is new target. Earlier targets for attacks have been other religious minorities like Hindu, Christian. The puzzle now seems who will follow Shias. Will it be Barelvis, Muhajir (Muslim migrants from India who came at Pakistan creation), will it be Punjabi v rest Pukhtuns, Sindhis etc. Baluchi like Shia are already on the anvil getting hammered.

Shia Massacre

Figure 1 After the Shia Bombing in Pakistan

Every time, all these bad news gather pace, the question goes back to the genesis of Pakistan. Was it necessary to placate and encourage a few Muslims by British to create a partition of India. The present affairs of Pakistan seems uncontrollable but who knows if more resources come into Pakistan, it may stabilise. There seems more if statements and wishful thinking about it, though.

Recently, I came across a facebook Hindu group page wanting to besmirch the good memory of Mahatma Gandhi decided to post a picture of Gandhi’s killers. The others were supposed to fall in line and pay respect to the killer because it would have meant rejecting Gandhi’s love for Muslims, Hindus etc. I was not happy for them losing sight of Gandhi’s contribution in India’s freedom as well as inspiring others like Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr. etc for the world peace in general.The group photo had included unfortunately another individual called “Veer Savarkar” who spent considerable years  in jail from (1911 -1924)  for violent struggle against British.  Savarkar was a complex person. In jail, he turned to revive Hinduism and wrote several books.  In 1920, the Indian National Congress and leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Vithalbhai Patel and Bal Gangadhar Tilak demanded his unconditional release. Savarkar tactically signed a statement endorsing the trial, verdict and British law, and renouncing violence, a bargain for freedom. But his incarceration continued. After his release, however, in stead of joining India’s non-violent freedom movement with Congress, he went against the Congress and Jinnah’s Muslim League. He, presided over a new organisation till 1943  called Hindu Mahasabha which became a pre-cursor to current BJP (Bhartiya Janta Party). Hindu Mahasabha could not reconcile to partition. Gandhi was considered guilty as he acquiesced to partition. It is hard for anyone to conclude those days in 1948 that Veer Savarkar had nothing to do with Gandhi’s murder,  if he was sitting in that photo along with Gandhi’s eventual killers and met the killer just before the murder mission. So, Savarkar was also arrested for Gandhi’s murder too along with others but he was freed  as the evidence linking him with it lacked independent corroboration. Current BJP brigade keep bringing Veer Savarkar in front because  of their need to highlight his message of Akhand Bharat (undivided India) and also for his so much work on Hinduism.  Savarkar was a patriot to the core and devoted to the cause of India. I believe he should be brought to lime light denied to him so far but BJP should not dismiss Gandhi’s contribution and spoil his memory as  it was not just Savarkar who gave the message of Hindu unity and empowerment but Gandhi too did the same in equal measure, if not more.

Savarkar (above) and Gandhi politely agreed to...

Savarkar (above) and Gandhi politely agreed to disagree on whether Ramayana justified the use of violence in freedom struggle. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

BR Ambedkar, the man responsible for Indian Constitution, talked about Savarkar like this –

“In his scheme a Muslim is to have no advantage which a Hindu does not have. Minority is to be no justification for privilege and majority is to be no ground for penalty. “

Savarkar also expressed joy at the recognition of the claim of Jewish people to establish an independent Jewish state, and likened the event to the glorious day on which Moses led them out of Egyptian bondage.

However, there is a concern in majority Hindus that the current Congress and many other parties in India like SP, BSP, TMC(Trinamul Congress), AIADMK etc  who all want Muslim votes are doing the same thing that led to partition of India. It was  then the active appeasement of Muslim constituency  by British. The appeasement of any section of society lead to disenchantment in others. Already the reservations for even Hindu lower castes(dalits etc) is causing this. This has been extended  to Muslim reservation in number of states but if Muslim reservation for Jobs etc goes nationwide,  it will exacerbate into a deep seated anger against the beneficiaries and divide the communities along religious lines too besides already castes divided Indians. So, while most Indians thinking nostalgically about Pakistan hurts in one way asking question as to why we had to separate or why this dream of Savarkar ‘s  Akhand Bharat could not be kept, I have begun to feel and thank God for partition that India is saved at least from the mayhem (daily bombs) that Pakistan is facing. The Hindu community swelled after migration from Pakistan, perhaps, they must be feeling blessed too that they have become now an Akhandit Hindu Samudaay (undivided Hindu Community). However, it is not just Hindus, but Muslims feel relieved too. Here there is one Shia Muslim expressing his joy on remaining in India .He commented on the Pakistani news paper Dawn’s website like this –

Javed Hussaini

  February 17, 2013 7:13 pm

So much for the two nation theory, Maulana Azad was 100% right, I am glad my parents stayed put in India and not move to Pakistan, on the eve of partition. Being a Shia , and a minority in India, I feel much safer in Haryana, a 90% Hindu area where I live, then I ever will in a Muslim nation. Pakistan needs to learn to respect people and be tolerant, if the Hindus want they can wipe out Muslims from India and the world would probably do nothing , as it is a big economic power on which no military or economic sanctions will work, but that does not happen in India, periodic riots do happen that is as much a fault of Muslims and Hindus or Sikhs, Our MLA is a Muslim, the next constituency the MLA is a Sikh, and again the population of both communities is less then 10%. I hope that this venom from Pakistan does not spread to Muslims in India, already we have seen anti Shia violence in Lucknow.

Well, I hope India remains undivided between castes, groups and religions for long long time irrespective to whatever is happening in Pakistan.It was a blessing in disguise that partition happened. India should survive to give refuge to any one undergoing persecution anywhere.

About these ads

3 Comments »

  1. Such a strange coincidence.Read your article.Nice one.

    Comment by Sachin Tambe — January 19, 2014 @ 1:28 pm | Reply

    • Yes, indeed it is. One day, I just wanted to leave a comment somewhere on partition by giving a shortlink to my article, so I searched “Blessing in Disguise” on google as I thought, it will go straight to my article but then I noticed others saying exactly the same and I was surprised as I was not the first person to coin this.

      Comment by Geekay — January 19, 2014 @ 9:33 pm | Reply

  2. Since you talked why Gandhi could not prevent partition – I have to say He was dead set against it so much that he even said that it can only happen over his dead body. But gradually, pressure brought by Muslim League, Congress’s own leaders like Patel and later even Nehru wore him down to accept the partition. I am glad that compromises to appease Muslims like separate electorate were not done to prevent partition. If these were done then India would have sunk the same way as Pakistan is sinking due to permanent division along religious lines where Muslim could vote only Muslim or Hindu could vote only Hindu meaning no one would need votes of other communities and therefore would not care about other communities welfare. Today’s India needs to ban parties of any one religion but no govt has got that strength and so it is not in their mind. Anyway, the partition happened due to number of factors. -
    1) Some Muslim were nostalgic about Muslim rule over India. Some of them wanted to experiment & prove that Islam was – so much better. Those who opted for Pakistan thus thought they could create Islamic heaven (Jannat) on earth. They did not want any Hindu suzerainty over Muslims. They were fearful of Hinduism revival.
    2) British wanted a broken India. They encouraged Muslim league. Congress had won almost everywhere in elections (1936-37) before partition. The success of congress in North West Frontier shattered Muslim League. The league also fared badly in Muslim majority states like Bengal. Out of 117, it won 38, in Punjab 2 out of 84, in Sindh 3 out of 33.When most of the congress leaders were jailed in 42 Quit India movement, Muslim League gained more power as its new ministries were formed in Sindh, Bengal and North-West Frontier Province and greater influence in the Punjab. Later towards, 1946, the league idea had moved away from wresting no. of seats(reserved seats in other states) to the idea of parity with Congress. That is Muslim League would not accept anything short of a parity between Congress and itself and that it should be the sole party to represent Muslims. You have to understand also that Muslim League was a political party and that there were other Muslim parties including Muslims in the Congress and giving that concession was almost impossible. So, league had been opportunistic, scheming like British.

    3)The tactics of Jinnah forced the hands of Congress. He decided direct action in 1946 when Nehru was asked to form interim govt. The massacre began in Bengal. Only when the final days of partition came then Punjab saw the most bloody retributive violence. So, the wounds are very deep. The Muslim massacre in Delhi was prevented by secular minded Nehru’s govt and Gandhi’s influence.
    There are lots of material available on net. I loved reading autobiographies of the great leaders of those days to live through the days of freedom struggle which included of course partition. The best could be story from Maulana Azad – ‘India wins freedom’, who was India ‘s first education minister.

    Comment by Geekay — April 6, 2013 @ 1:50 pm | Reply


RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

The Rubric Theme. Blog at WordPress.com.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 29 other followers

%d bloggers like this: